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Belajar Undang-undang dalam Belgium 2023

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Kira-kira Belgium

Kesatuan Eropah 's pengasas ahli Belgium (The Kingdom Belgium) terletak di Eropah Barat dan menjadi tuan rumah kepada organisasi antarabangsa yang penting seperti Ibu Pejabat Kesatuan Eropah dan NATO. Mewakili sempadan budaya berbeza memisahkan negara-negara Eropah Latin dan negara-negara Jerman, Belgium menempatkan berbahasa Perancis Belgium, Belanda berbahasa Flemish Belgium, dan kepada masyarakat Jerman-Bercakap juga. Kepelbagaian bahasa dan sejarah panjang konflik politik sejak lima abad yang lalu telah digabungkan untuk memberikan Belgium kerajaan kompleks terdiri daripada parlimen prinsip monarki demokratik dan perlembagaan persekutuan. Yang terdiri daripada Dewan Rakyat dan Dewan Negara, 'parlimen persekutuan s mengandungi wakil-wakil yang dilantik, ahli-ahli politik yang dipilih dan raja ' Belgium s kanak-kanak, yang dianggap "oleh Ahli Dewan Negara Kanan ".Belgium adalah juga salah satu daripada beberapa negara di dunia yang mempunyai mengundi wajib, yang secara semula jadi menyediakan dengan kadar keluar mengundi yang sangat tinggi. Kepala Belgium 's negara adalah Raja, walaupun kuasanya adalah terhad untuk melantik Perdana Menteri (dengan undi tidak percaya dari Dewan Rakyat) bersama-sama dengan beberapa hak istimewa yang lain. Berasal dari rukun Kanun Napoleon, Belgium 'sistem kehakiman s disokong oleh undang-undang sivil, dengan Mahkamah kasasi dan Mahkamah Rayuan yang mewakili negara ' s mahkamah tertinggi. Sistem Perundangan Empat tahap Belgium 's mahkamah biasa wujud di Belgium: "Tribunal de Première instance " (tahap yang lebih rendah juvana jenayah dan sivil mahkamah), "Tribunal des Juges de Paix " dan "Tribunal de Polis " mahkamah --civil dan jenayah, masing-masing.Baru-baru ini, kerajaan menambah gelanggang cukai atau ruang kepada Tribunal de Première instance yang memutuskan litigasi mengenai isu-isu perniagaan dan cukai peribadi. Hanya satu mahkamah Belgium mempunyai juri - Cour d 'Assises --which mendengar kesalahan serius seperti pembunuhan, penculikan dan pembunuhan. Hukuman bagi kesalahan serius melibatkan hukuman penjara sesuai sebagaimana yang ditentukan oleh juri, kerana hukuman mati telah dimansuhkan sejak tahun 1996. Walaupun undang-undang Belgium rapat berikut sistem undang-undang Perancis 's, bahasa yang digunakan dalam prosiding mahkamah, sama ada Perancis atau Belanda, bergantung di mana mahkamah terletak di Belgium. Walau bagaimanapun, kedua-dua bahasa yang digunakan di dalam mahkamah Brussels.

Belajar di Belgium

Pendapatan Ijazah Undang-undang di Belgium Pendapatan ijazah undang-undang di Belgium tidak memerlukan pelajar lulus peperiksaan pra-pintu masuk seperti yang diperlukan untuk beberapa darjah lain. Walaupun pengadunan Belanda, Perancis dan beberapa institusi pendidikan tinggi di Jerman Belgium boleh mengelirukan, mereka mempunyai semua peraturan-peraturan yang diterima pakai yang dihasilkan oleh proses Bologna, yang melibatkan jenis yang sama Sarjana Muda 's, Master ' s dan ijazah Doktor Falsafah sistem diikuti oleh negara-negara Eropah yang lain. Kemasukan ke Bar Belgium dibenarkan selepas lima tahun belajar undang-undang, atau apabila memperoleh Sarjana Undang-undang (LLM). Yuran Pengajian Kerajaan Belgium mengawal yuran pengajian pendidikan tinggi untuk semua universiti atau kolej awam. Bayaran-bayaran ini adalah berdasarkan kepada keupayaan pelajar (atau pelajar yang 's keluarga) untuk membayar suatu amaun simpati dengan pendapatan. Sebagai contoh, pelajar berpendapatan rendah (Bendahari) menerima pakej bantuan kewangan penuh dan biasanya membayar kadar tuisyen 100 euro ($ 135 USD).Pelajar dianggap "bukan dermasiswa-" membayar yuran pengajian penuh € 600 ($ 800 USD). Sekali lagi, kadar ini mungkin berbeza-beza dari satu sekolah undang-undang yang lain. Peluang Pekerjaan Baru-baru ini, kadar pengangguran di Belgium menurun dengan ketara sebagai kemelesetan di Amerika Syarikat dan Eropah telah akhirnya mula bertambah baik, satu tanda yang menggalakkan yang juga telah mendorong Bank of England untuk menimbang menaikkan kadar faedah. Oleh yang demikian, peluang pekerjaan untuk pelajar undang-undang yang mahu undang-undang amalan di Belgium harus tetap konsisten dengan ekonomi dan pekerjaan pasaran pesat berkembang.

Visa Requirements

For non-EU/EEA/Swiss nationals who want to study in Belgium for a period exceeding 90 days.

Apakah jenis Visa yang anda perlukan?

nama visa

Visa D (national long-stay visa)

Harga dan mata wang

USD 200

You can expect to pay $200 or more for processing your visa application. The fees are subject to change.

Siapa yang boleh memohon visa?

If you are an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen, you don’t need a visa to study in Belgium. However, you should be enrolled at a recognized university or institution of higher education as their main occupation in Belgium, have sufficient funds to cover expenses while studying in Belgium, and have adequate health insurance coverage.

If you are a national from a country outside the EU/EEA/Switzerland, you will most likely need to apply for one in order to enroll as a student of higher education there for a period of longer than three months. Students from some countries (such as the US) are not required to obtain a visa for Belgium if their stay is no longer than 90 days.

Before you can apply to get a Belgian student visa, you will generally need to be accepted into a course or study program by a recognized Belgian university or education institution.

Students from the People’s Republic of China must obtain an academic evaluation certificate issued by the Academic Assessment Centre (APS) before being authorized to enroll in a higher education institution in Belgium. This APS certificate is required to obtain a student visa for Belgium. The examination consists of a technical assessment of your diploma and an interview.

Di manakah anda boleh membuat permohonan?

Belgium embassy or consulate

You should apply for your student visa at the Belgium embassy or consulate in your home country.

laman web:

Bagaimana untuk membuat permohonan?

Before applying for a student visa for Belgium, you first need to be accepted onto a course at an accredited educational institution and pay the registration fees (this will be refunded if your visa application is rejected). If you are an international student, you will then need to contact your nearest Belgian embassy or consulate in your country. The embassy will help you determine whether you need a student visa and will guide you through the visa application.

For your student visa application, you may be asked to provide the following:

  • a valid passport/travel ID;
  • proof that you have a place at a recognized institution;
  • copies of educational certificates;
  • details about the course;
  • evidence of sufficient funds to cover your living costs, study, healthcare and repatriation costs (EUR 617 per month for the 2015-2016 study year);
  • a medical certificate;
  • proof that you don’t have a criminal record if you’re older than 21 years.

To prove your acceptance at a recognized institution, you can provide one of the following:

  • the official confirmation of registration for the program;
  • an attestation which indicates you have access to the anticipated studies;
  • proof of your registration for the entrance examinations.

You may also be asked to provide a letter outlining why you have chosen your particular course, why you want to study in Belgium and how this will benefit you. Additionally, you may also be asked to show some language proficiency in the language the course will be taught in.

Within eight days of your arrival to Belgium, you must visit your local municipal administration offices/town hall (maison communale/gemeentehuis) to request your residence permit and be registered on the foreigner's population register.

Bilakah anda perlu memohon?

For a long stay study visa, it is recommended that you make an appointment at the embassy at least two months before your departure. For a short stay visa, make an appointment at least 3 weeks before your departure.

The length of the student visa depends on the course length. You can apply to renew your residence permit yearly, approximately 30 to 45 days before its expiry date.

Masa pemprosesan

2 Months

Peluang kerja

If you’re a foreign student enrolled at a Belgian educational institution and have a valid residence permit you can work up to 20 hours a week during term time, as long as it does not interfere with your studies. You will need to get a written fixed-term contract from your employer, which is known as a ‘student employment contract’, and a type C work permit. Otherwise, you can work during official university holidays without the need for a Belgian work permit.

Jam setiap minggu

20

Mengapa anda memerlukan visa jenis ini?

Your visa application can be rejected if you have previous criminal history or if you have been deported from the EU. Another reason for rejection is if your documents proving that you will be student are missing or not complete.